Sepsis occurs when the body’s immune system reacts to an infection by attacking its own cells and tissues, which can lead to dangerous complications, including organ failure and septic shock. This condition occurs most often in elderly people and those who suffer from chronic illnesses, but it can strike anyone at any age. Fortunately, there are plenty of precautions you can take to avoid developing septicemia. Take these steps every day to protect your health and be proactive about your well-being now and in the future.
What Is Sepsis?
Severe infection, also known as sepsis, occurs when the body’s response to an infection injures its own tissues and organs. The signs and symptoms of cndition can range from mild fever or chills to confusion, trouble breathing, low blood pressure, or extreme pain in the abdomen. Left untreated, this may lead to septic shock which is a life-threatening condition that requires immediate medical attention. In order to prevent this deadly condition from happening, it is essential for patients who are at risk for developing sepsis to make sure they take these precautions.
Who Is At Risk For Sepsis?
While anyone can develop sepsis, adults over 65 and children under 5 are most at risk for developing it. The more serious the underlying condition, the higher a person’s risk of developing sepsis. Hospital patients also have an increased risk of developing sepsis because of their weakened immune systems.
Elderly people are more likely to develop complications than younger people are, and because they have weaker immune systems, they have a harder time fighting off the infection. Older people with other health problems such as diabetes, heart disease, lung disease or kidney disease may be more susceptible to sepsis as well. Some common causes of sepsis in older people include pneumonia, a urinary tract infection or even just having surgery.
Children are also especially vulnerable to developing sepsis if they have conditions like asthma or cystic fibrosis that affect their ability to fight infections. People who take certain medications such as chemotherapy drugs may also be at greater risk for getting sepsis because these drugs weaken the body’s natural defenses against infection.
How Do I Know If I Have Sepsis?
There are many different signs and symptoms. If you have any of the following, it’s important to seek medical attention right away: a high fever over 100 degrees Fahrenheit; chills or shivering; fast breathing or trouble breathing; heart rate over 90 beats per minute; sudden change in mental status such as confusion, disorientation, or slurred speech. Once you’re examined by your doctor, they may ask a series of questions to assess your risk.
What Are The Treatment Options For Sepsis?
Treatment options depend on how severe it is. If the person has a low risk of dying, they are usually given antibiotics and fluids. If the person is at high risk of dying, they may be admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) and put on a ventilator or dialysis. The goal of treatment is to get rid of the infection as quickly as possible so that the body can recover from sepsis and start fighting off other infections. Unfortunately, not everyone recovers from sepsis and some people require long-term treatment in an ICU or dialysis center if their kidneys failed because of sepsis.
How Can I Prevent Sepsis?
Preventing sepsis is difficult. That being said, there are a few precautions you can take to help lower the risk of developing it. For starters, avoid people who have colds or other infections. You should also try not to cut yourself, and be sure that if you do need to cut something, you sanitize the area before and after. If you’ve got any cuts or scrapes on your hands or feet, make sure they’re washed regularly with soap and water. In addition to this, if you experience symptoms (high fever accompanied by confusion), seek medical attention right away as this condition can quickly become fatal.